e were already words for "proper

y, tho▓ugh there were still tribal distinctions, the Jilijis trib

es▓ in the Tianshan Mountains had become a unifie

d entity.In the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the Kirgiz, who had remained in the upper Yenisey Ri▓ver reaches, emigrated to the Tianshan Mountains▓ to live together with their kinfolk. Many then moved to the Hindukush and Karak▓orum Mountains. At this time, some ▓Kirgiz left their homeland and emigrated to Northeast China. In 1758 and 1759, the Sayak and Sarbagex tribes of Eastern Blut and the Edegena tribe of▓ Western Blut, and 13 other tribes -- a total of 200,000 -- entered the Issyk Kul pastoral a▓rea and asked to be subjected to the Qing.The Kirgiz played a major role with their ▓courage, bravery and patri

otism in the defense of modern

r" and "slave."During the Liao

riving the Kirgiz herdsmen of their livelihood. As a res

ult, the Puli Revolution broke out in what is now Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County and part of the Akto area, and formed a revolutionary government. This revolution, together with uprisings in Ili, Tacheng and Altay, shook the Kuomintang rule in Xin▓jiang. More than 7,000 people took part in the P▓uli Revolution, the majority being Kirgiz, Tajiks and▓ Uygurs.Population: 172,900Major areas of distribution▓: Xinjiang, Jilin and LiaoningLanguag▓e: XibeReligion: Polytheism, Shamanism and BuddhismThe Xibe ethnic minority, with a population of 127,900, is widely distributed over northern China from the Il▓i area in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the west to the northeast provinces of Jilin and Liaoning.CustomThe Xibe people in northeast and northwest China have each formed their own characteristics in the course of development. The lang▓uage and eating, dressing and living habits of the Xibes in the northeast are close to those of the local Han and Manchu people. Living in more compact communitie▓s, those in Xinjiang have preserved more of the ch▓aracteristics of their language script and life styles. The Xibe language belongs to the Manchu-Tungusic branch of t▓he Altaic Language Family. Legend has it that the Xi▓be ethnic group once had its own scrip▓t but has lost it after the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) was founded. A growing number of Xibe people came to learn the Manchu and

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